Accounting Milestone One: Internal Controls

 
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Overview: Internal control is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance of the achievement of objectives relating to operations, reporting, and compliance during an audit of internal controls. Auditors are chiefly concerned with those controls that impact financial statements and cause a risk of material misstatement. 

Prompt: For this first milestone, you will begin creating your audit plan for Robbins Network Services (RNS), the company in the attached project scenario. You will analyze RNS’s business environment, including the standard business transactions performed by the company, business risks, impact of current events, and potential ethical issues, and determine the types of internal control that may be needed. 

Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed: 

I. In a concise memo, evaluate the internal controls of RNS. A. Describe the major financial business transactions of the company. Include appropriate research to support your answer.  B. Evaluate the highest business risks associated with this company. What makes you believe these specifically are the highest risks? Provide appropriate research or data to support your reasoning.  C. What would you suggest are the appropriate types of internal controls for this industry? Why?  D. Describe ethical issues involved with this company and industry that would have a direct effect on the outcome of a financial audit. How could these issues be addressed?  E. Analyze current events for their impact on this company’s risk and internal control in the future. Include documentation of these current events. 

Rubric 

Guidelines for Submission: The memo should follow these formatting guidelines: approximately 2–3 pages, double spaced, with 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and citations in APA style.

 
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Business & Finance

 
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#1Scenario 1: Types of Culture

Considering the four different types of organizational culture described in Management, answer the following questions:

1. Which type of culture most closely describes the culture at your organization (or an organization with which you’re familiar)? 

2. What are the pros and cons of the culture? 

3. What are your recommendations for improving the culture in your organization?

4. What are the specific components of each level of organizational culture? 

5. How do employees at your organization learn about the culture? 

#2 Scenario 2: Organizational Structure

Locate the organizational chart for your company or one for which you would like to work. Compare the chart to the structures defined in the textbook to determine the type of structure your organization most closely resembles. Answer the following questions:

1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this structure? 

2. How does the structure contribute to helping your organization achieve strategic goals? 

3. What does the chart say about the span of control? 

4. What are your recommendations for improving your organizational structure?

#3 Scenario getting started

Each company is different in how they approach leadership, risk taking, environment and just about everything. It all comes down to what makes up the company’s core foundation. This is where the company’s culture comes into the mix, Company culture is comprised of the following:

· Beliefs about how business ought to be conducted

· Values & business principles of management

· “How we do things around here”

· Official policies

· Traditions

· Approaches to stockholder relationships

· Company politics

· Peer pressures . . . Taboos & political don’ts

· Oft-told stories illustrating company’s values

· Ethical standards

Anyone have any additional traits or characteristics of company culture?

#4 Watch the “Change: More Pain than Gain?” video.

http://www.viddler.com/embed/4521ff44/?f=1&player=arpeggio&secret=45051756&make_responsive=0

Evaluate in 2 to 3 sentences the performance of the manager in addressing the concerns of his employees. What could he have done differently? Limit your response to 150 to 300 words, demonstrate understanding of and cite the required readings or other credible sources that you apply, and look for opportunities to engage with and learn from others.

#5 As you begin to review this video, consider the following questions for your responses.

 What are the driving forces in the video? What has changed to cause the issue?

#6 any topic in chapter 8 or 9

#7 any topic in chapter 8 or 9

#8 any topic in chapter 8 or 9

 
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Business & Finance homework help

 
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“Six Sigma and Acceptance Sampling” Please respond to the following:

Using the Six Sigma Approach (DMAIC), provide an example situation that utilizes the five-step plan, and determine three to four (3-4) challenges you may encounter using this approach. Provide specific examples to support your rationale.

Remarks:  The response must be detailed and answer the primary question and subpart of the primary question.  Write clearly, concisely, use proper grammar and writing mechanics. You must use APA format and cite (2) references.

 
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Proposal

 
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Assignment 1: Proposal

Due Week 3 and worth 210 points 

Note: Refer to scenarios and readings from previous weeks in order to complete this assignment. 

Imagine that you just created a new start-up company. You want to compete in the growing industry of drone navigation systems. VectorCal is the only major company in the field. You also want to be a leaner, faster version of a company that you view as being too slow and costly. Note: You may create and / or make all necessary assumptions needed for the completion of this assignment. 

Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you:

  1. Describe the new start-up company that you have created. Include in your description the nature of your company, its mission and vision, your company’s product, an analysis of your staff, and your target clientele.
  2. Criticize VectorCal’s forecasting method. Determine the appropriate forecasting approach for your company. Provide a rationale to support the determination.
  3. Suggest the semi-variable, allocated, and indirect costs that you should address in the start-up phase of your company. Provide a rationale to support the response.
  4. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources. 

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • This course requires use of new Student Writing Standards (SWS). The format is different than other Strayer University courses. Please take a moment to review the SWS documentation for details.
  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow SWS or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. 

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Determine the characteristics of government contracting that affect pricing and what is considered fair and reasonable pricing.
  • Outline the process to forecast the likely price of an acquisition, calculate semi-variable costs, and allocate direct and indirect costs.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in cost and price analysis.
  • Write clearly and concisely about cost and price analysis using proper writing mechanics. 
 
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Marketing and Consumer Behavior

 
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Discussion Question 1 – (CLO1) 

Why would someone shop on the Internet? Buy an iPod? Eat at TGI Friday’s frequently? 

a) Why would someone else not make those purchases? 

b) How would you choose one outlet, brand, or model over the others? Would others make the same choice in the same way? 

c) Explain your shopping strategy and why it is different (if it is) from others [shown on (a) and (b)]. Please us example of your country, culture, region if necessary for your explanations.

————————————————————————————

DQ2:

My current role: IT project Manager

Course Name: Marketing and Consumer Behaviour

Discussion Question 2 – Applied Concepts (AC) – Week/Course Learning Outcomes

Using your textbook, LIRN-based research, and the Internet, apply the learning outcomes for the week/course and lecture concepts to one of the following scenarios:

As applied to your current professional career

As applied to enhancing, improving, or advancing your current professional career

As applied to a management, leadership, or any decision-making position

As applied to a current or future entrepreneurial endeavor

OR         

Using your textbook, LIRN-based research, and the Internet, apply the learning outcomes for the week/course and lecture concepts to a business organization that exhibits and demonstrates these concepts. You should develop a summary of the organizations strategy and how they use these concepts to compete.

This is a learning and application exercise designed to give you an opportunity to apply concepts learned in a pragmatic and meaningful way that will enable you to gain valuable and relevant knowledge in an effort to augment your skill set and enhance your professional careers.

Provide your explanations and definitions in detail and be precise. Comment on your findings. Provide references for content when necessary. Provide your work in detail and explain in your own words. Support your statements with peer-reviewed in-text citation(s) and reference(s).

 
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Accounting homework

 
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2-3 pages total, single spaced 12 pt font

Part A. Cost Estimation in the News

Find a news article, magazine, or other periodical that features a project that was extremely complex. This may be from any domain such as construction, information technology, aerospace, etc. Examples include the cost overrun associated with the Big Dig (http://www.boston.com/globe/metro/packages/bechtel/) or the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.

Provide the source of your article and answer the following discussion questions:

  1. Who      were the main stakeholders in the project?
  2. What      were the technical sources of complexity that would drive cost?
  3. What      were the non-technical (i.e., people, processes, politics) sources of complexity      that would drive cost?
  4. How      could completion progress be measured on this project?
  5. Identify      any unique aspects of this project.

Part B. The Constructive Cost Model

Read chapters 1 and 2 of the COCOMO book and answer the following questions.

  1. Of the      six COCOMO II model objectives in Chapter 1, identify which ones you      believe are the most important to:
    1. Model       users (i.e., an engineer at an aerospace company)
    2. Model       developers (i.e., commercial tool vendor such as IBM)
    3. Model       evaluators (i.e., academic researcher)
  2. Figure      1.2 is also referred to as the “cone of uncertainty”. Comment on the shape of the curves,      specifically:
    1. whether       they should truly be symmetrical
    2. whether       they should converge at the point of software acceptance
    3. whether       programs are more frequently overestimated or underestimated
  3. Choose      one COCOMO II cost driver from Chapter 2 and discuss your personal experience with this phenomenon. Did you experience a cost/effort increase as a result or a decrease?

Chapters 1 and 2 of the COCOMO book is attached

 
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2 Questions

 
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1.Please watch and thoughtfully discuss one or more (if you pick a short one) of Khan Academy videos from the following playlist.  Your discussion should list what video you watched, include what specific concepts you learned from this video and should be at least two paragraphs long.

2.Topic C-Malcolm Baldridge National Quality Award

The Malcolm Baldridge National Quality Award program maintains a website at https://www.nist.gov/baldrige that provides information about the prestigious Malcolm Baldrige award. Review the information provided on this website. Then, write a post (2 – 3 paragraphs) that:

  • Describes the Malcolm Baldrige award.
  • Identifies recent winners of this award (including their industries).
  • Discusses whether winners are any more successful than other organizations (Hint: Consider exploring the “Why Take the Baldrige Journey” link on home page.)
 
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Liquidation

 
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Accounting Financial ACC701 Individual Assignment Due 18/1/2019 week 9 submit online on turnitin. 

Question A number of companies have gone into liquidation because they have not been able to meet their liabilities when they fell due. In Australia, there are some well-publicised examples such as Aluminium Boats Australia, HIH Insurance and Stellar Homes Required Discuss all three companies above and find (via electronic journals) the events that led up to the liquidation. Visit the CPA website; discuss APES 110 Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants. Highlight 5 codes of ethics. Highlight some of the corporate governance issues that contributed to each company’s collapse. Discuss the type of liquidation that was called for each. Were liabilities a major contributing factor that led to their downfall? Research Requirements Students need to support their analysis with reference to relevant material from the text and a minimum of eight (8) suitable, reliable, current and academically acceptable sources – this should include at least 2 peer-reviewed academic journal articles. Presentation 2000 + 10%-word short report format. Title page, executive summary, table of contents, appropriate headings and sub-headings, recommendations/findings/conclusions, in-text referencing and reference list (Harvard – Anglia style), attachments if relevant. Single spaced, font Times New Roman 12pt, Calibri 11pt or Arial 10pt. Marking Guide Analysis 30% Research extent and application 30% Recommendations/conclusions 20% Presentation 20% Total mark will be scaled to a mark out of 30 subject marks. 

 
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Assessment 3

 
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DecaSport is producing high technique and specialised sport shoes. The company has been conducting research and development of a new model, where the lower mould can automatically adjust itself to avoid foot injury. The model has been tested and the managing board is happy to launch its production if it’s financial viable. The company already spent $800,000 for research and development. The new model will have a five-year lifetime, after that the company will stop its production. The new production machines will need to be bought and are budgeted at $7.5 million but can be used for another 5 years after the production of the new product is finished. The company depreciates fixed assets on a straight line basis to zero.   

The company expects to sell 80,000 pairs in the first year at $300 per pair. As the new technique can be potentially followed by competitors, every year the sale quantity is expected to decrease by 10% and the sale price will decrease by 8%. Gross profit on the product is targeted at 60% of sales. While the new model generates a high gross profit rate, the company expects a high level of product returns of 5% on sales. Marketing is one of the major parts of launching this new model. The company decides that the marketing cost of $1.2 million will be allocated annually based on annual units of sales.

As a financial manager of the company, you’re conducting a capital budgeting analysis of the financial viability of the new model. The company shareholders expect a return on investment of 25% pa. The company pays tax at the rate of 30% on profits.

Requirements:

a. Use an Excel spreadsheet to calculate the following criteria, and then consider whether the new model will maximise wealth for the shareholders: 

1. After-tax cash flows (7 marks). 

2. Net present value (4 marks). 

3. Payback period (4 marks). 

4. Profitability index (3 marks). 

5. Is it a viable project? Explain your answer (2 marks).

b. Although the company is optimistic about the new model, the board wants to know at what level launching the new model becomes risky. Use an Excel spreadsheet and recalculate after-tax cash flows and net present value for the below scenarios:

    (i)  Sales units at 10% higher than estimated in the first year (6 marks).

    (ii) Sales units at 10% lower than estimated in the first year (6 marks).

    (iii) Comments on your findings (4 marks).

    (iv) You are required to use after-tax cash flows. Explain why this requirement is appropriate in decision making (4 marks).

c. Regarding buying new production machines at $7.5m to produce the new product, you can pay all at once when the purchasing contract is signed and receive a 5% discount. You can also choose to pay monthly or quarterly. If you pay monthly, you will pay at the end of each month. The monthly payment is $260,000 in the first year and $410,000 in the second year. If you pay quarterly, you will pay at the end of the quarter and the quarterly payment is $670,000 in 3 years. Using a risk adjusted rate of 8% and an Excel spreadsheet, provide a fully worked analysis. Decide and explain which payment option should be undertaken (10 marks).

 
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Assessment 3 (Part B)

 
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Guidelines:

For this assignment, you are encouraged to use the information provided on the firm’s corporate websites together with the following sources:

1. OneSource: Global Business Browser (available through Library DatabasesJ 

2. Australian Stock Exchange http://www.asx.com.au/ 

3. Yahoo Finance https://au.finance.yahoo.com/ 

4. Reuters http://www.reuters.com/finance/markets

News sources such as those secured through the Library’s ANZ Newsstream and Factiva databases are also likely to be relevant 

Show all your calculation on the annexure.

Your report should include:

1. A brief executive summary. 

2. Introduction. 

3. Body (use appropriate headings and sub-headings as relevant sign-posts). 

4. Conclusion.

Required:

Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ) is one of the big four banks in Australia, providing various banking and financial products and services to individual and business customers and playing a substantial role in the financial sector (Yahoo Finance, n.d.). However, together with other big banks within the sector, ANZ has been under the scrutiny of the banking royal commission.

As part of the finance team of ANZ Limited you have been tasked with reviewing and preparing a report on the capital structure of the firm to critique whether the firm has been successful in maximising wealth generation for shareholders.

Your report should be approximately 1000 words (in total) and cover the following areas:

1. Using data from the firm’s 2017 financial year annual report and other sources assume that the firm has a Beta of 1.37 (Yahoo Finance) and that capital return on the market for 2017 was 8.2%: 

a. Categorise the ANZ’s current capital structure into debt and equity using its 2017 balance sheet. (6 marks)

b. Calculate the firm’s after-tax Weighted Average Cost of Capital (include any assumptions you have made in developing this metric). (4 marks)

c. Using the CAPM calculate whether the firm is providing an appropriate return given its risk. (4 marks)

d. Compare the firm’s capital structure with at least one other firm operating within a similar industry (6 marks). 

2.  Use five (5) key financial ratios to evaluate ANZ Limited’s performance. For each ratio used, you have to justify why these ratios are relevant to your evaluation (10 marks). 

3. Outline and discuss any significant changes that have occurred to the firm’s capital structure during the past three years. What can we learn from these changes? (5 marks). 

4. In the 2017 Annual Report, on page 10, ANZ’s Directors highlighted that they care about integrity and accountability. On page 35, they described the reputation risk facing by the business and how the business manages this risk. Given the impact on the share price of ANZ following the scandals identified by the banking royal commission during 2018, discuss whether you believe ANZ’s 2017 annual report adequately or properly represents the reputation risk that ANZ is facing and whether the firm has been acting with integrity and accountability. In your response critically identify some of the key findings from the royal commission and evaluate the extent to which the firm has been successful in managing its reputation risk (approx. 450-600 words) (10 marks). 

Presentation – 5 marks 

You are required to provide a quality presentation of the total assignment including using the correct report format for Part B, referencing throughout and a bibliography. 

Please reference any sources of information you use with APA referencing style. 

Online submission via Turnitin is required for this assignment. Please see details underRequirements after Marking Rubric

 
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