Essay Questions 5-8

 
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5. Hurricane Katrina was a seminal catastrophic event that exposed a number of weaknesses in our disaster response and recovery capabilities for natural and man-made disasters. These weaknesses arose following 9/11, the reorganization of FEMA into the new DHS caused by 9/11, and the government focus on the terrorist threat. In this lesson, we learned that major catastrophes like Katrina require a disaster response and recovery capability that is both disciplined and agile. Recently, Hurricane Harvey, also a major Category 4 storm, impacted the Gulf Coast, not too far from where Hurricane Katrina made landfall.

How was the outcome of this hurricane response and recovery effort different from the outcome of Katrina? Based on what you have learned, would you have suggested anything about the response efforts be done differently?

Your Answer must be at least 300 words. No references or citations are necessary.

6. The media is often a considerable factor in how the public views the relative success or failure of the disaster response to major catastrophes like Hurricane Katrina. Describe a time where you have seen the media cover a disaster in your community. It can be a smaller scale disasters, like a fire or weather damage. Do you think the media properly handled this disaster, or was it detrimental to the response and recovery efforts? What would you suggest that the media do differently in the future?

Your answer must be at least 300 words. No references or citations are necessary.

7. In a major catastrophe such as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, describe what changes to “law, policy, and doctrine” you would recommend if you were a member of a Blue Ribbon Commission.

Your answer must be at least 200 words. No references or citations are necessary.

8. Discuss how the concepts in this course can be applied to real-world situations and increase your chances of career or life success.

Your answer must be at least 200 words. No references or citations are necessary.

 
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ACTIVITY

 
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Look at the events from 1979–2001 in your textbook on pages 132–133. During this period, there were a multitude of events such as hurricanes, flooding, and earthquakes that required a Presidential Declaration for assistance in that particular state.

Create a table similar to that on pages 132–133 that includes events from 2002–current year. The table should include the following information:

https://online.columbiasouthern.edu/CSU_Content/courses/Emergency_Services/MOS/MOS6801/14I/UnitIVScholarlyActivity.png

You may use Word or Excel to create your table. Include at least five events in your table. You may find these websites helpful in your research:

https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/31789
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/outreach/history/#katrina

Next, write a summary that coordinates with the five events in the table. In your summary for each disaster, you should cover the following information.

· Correlate each disaster listed in the table to the implementation of disaster-focused improvement for that event. In other words, what did we learn as a nation when the event occurred?

· Was the United States prepared for this event?

· Did our disaster response meet the needs of the communities impacted by the event?

· Were special programs, resources, or monies created to better prepare for another event similar to this one?

· Describe how the stand up of FEMA changed emergency management and disaster response.

Your document should be at least three pages in length (including the table you have created). If you created the table in Excel, be sure to place that chart in your Word document. You may do this by using the Snip It Tool or taking a snap shot of the chart. You must include at least three sources in your research, and the information should be cited and referenced in APA format.

 
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VI Essay

 
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This assignment involves the evolution of Federal Emergency Management from the formation of FEMA through the lessons learned from Hurricane Sandy. For this assignment, compose an essay in which you do the following:

· Discuss the formation of FEMA, then describe how the position of FEMA changed following the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006.

· Discuss the intended and unintended outcomes that emerged following FEMA’s incorporation into DHS.

· Describe how Hurricane Katrina swung the pendulum back towards natural disasters from a focus on terrorism following 9/11.

· Describe the subsequent lessons learned and improvements made by the Post-Katrina Emergency Reform Act of 2006 and how they affected emergency response and recovery in Hurricane Sandy.

· Discuss the changes in the process for Presidential Disaster Declarations due to the lessons learned from Hurricane Katrina.

· Describe how FEMA works with local and state emergency management services and community stakeholders.

· Identify improvements instituted by the Post-Katrina Emergency Reform Act of 2006 and how they affected emergency response and recovery in Hurricane Sandy.

Your essay should be five pages in length, not counting title page and reference page, and you must incorporate three sources into your assignment. Any information from those sources must be cited and referenced in APA format

 
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Project 3 –

 
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  • Note: identify potential environmental hazards and develop and communicate to authorities and stakeholders a comprehensive compliance plan that covers United States and global policies, regulations, and laws

This project is an emergency planning and response exercise.

You are to develop a scenario specific emergency response plan that meets OSHA’s Emergency Action Plan regulations in 29 CFR 1910.38 and a scenario specific environmental contingency plan that meets the requirements of EPA’s Contingency Plan regulations in 40 CFR 364.50 through 264.56 for the facility described in the project’s scenario and site plan.  You may, if you chose, develop a single, comprehensive, scenario specific facility plan that will meet the requirements of both agencies for the facility described in the project’s scenario as long as all of the OSHA and EPA requirements are covered in your plan(s)..

We will post a specific scenario, including a site-plan drawing of a hypothetical facility and a brief description of the facility’s activities and the on-site storage, handling and use of hazardous waste, in an e-mail message during Week 6. Using your imagination, you are to provide any details, such as the name of the facility, a description of the first-response personnel, their duties and responsibilities, community coordination and response organizations, public awareness methods, and any other information you believe necessary to control and mitigate the hazards of the specific facility in the scenario that are not provided in the project scenario.

There are no restrictions on the length of your presentation other than that you must address all of the EPA and OSHA requirements. Your plan(s) must be comprehensive enough to demonstrate your understanding of the EPA/OSHA regulations and how they apply to all of the hazards identified in the scenario you are given.

Please submit your paper as a Microsoft Word file in your Assignments folder by the due date.

 
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Risk Assessment

 
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Risk Assessment

(50 points)

Directions: Use the case study to provide answers to the following questions.

Case Study: “Illness Associated with Drift of Chloropicrin Soil Fumigant into a Residential Area—Kern County, California, 2003,” 

  1. Issue Identification
    1. What is causing the identified problem?
    2. Why is the problem a problem?
    3. How was the problem initially identified?
    4. What are the public perceptions of the hazard?
  2. Hazard Identification
    1. What types of adverse health effects might be caused by the problem?
    2. How quickly and for what duration might the problem be experienced?
  3. Dose Response Assessment 
    1. Evaluate both qualitative and quantitative toxicity information to estimate the incidence of adverse effects occurring in humans at different exposure levels.
  4. Exposure Assessment for the Relevant Population 
    1. Determine the frequency, magnitude, extent, duration, and character of exposures to the hazard.
  5. Risk Characterization
  6. Detail the nature and potential incidence of effects for the exposure conditions described in the exposure assessment. 
 
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Week 2

 
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Question 1 . see attached 

Question 2 . Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper that identifies the effects that people have on the hydrological cycle and the consequences of these effects. In the paper, include the following: 

  • Describe the water cycle, including sources of usable freshwater and renewal times for rivers, lakes, and ground water.
  • Explain how wetland destruction and creation of impervious surfaces through urban development affect the water cycle and contribute to flooding.
  • Explain some pros and cons to using levees for flood control and whether it is in the best interest of communities to rely of levees to prevent flooding.
  • Explain how dams influence the hydrologic cycle and whether they are viable option for long-term flood control, water supplies, or power generation.
  • Explain three issues associated with irrigation, including whether current rates of aquifer use are sustainable. 

Include at least three references in addition to the text, formatted consistent with APA guidelines.

 
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Critical thinking and ethics paper

 
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Bozzi 1

Bozzi 2

Bozzi 3

Martha Bozzi

Professor Sarah Jacob

PHI 2604 Critical Thinking Ethics

5 December 2018

Environmental Degradation In The Everglades

The Everglades National Park is a very important natural resource in the United States and it has often attracted attention as the most threatened park in the nation. The park is quite significant since it facilitates the protection of the original Everglades in the state of Florida. In contemporary society, environmental issues continue to plague natural features leading to their depletion or extinction. This paper seeks to provide a framework to understand about the environmental factors that are affecting the Everglades touching on the impact of development, nutrient pollution, invasive species and the rise in sea level on the state of the Everglades. The paper will show that as the 20th century progressed, early conservationists initiated a dredging project in Everglades with the notion that this was a progressive and smart strategy. It will also explore the ecological issues the Everglades has been facing with sustaining fauna and flora life in the region due to the contamination of the environment with farm chemicals. Additionally, it will consider the threat of invasive species that affect the Everglades (Evergladesfoundation.org). Finally, the paper will reflect on the impact of the rising of sea level due to changes in climate and how this affects the natural and developed areas of the Everglades (Duxbury et al 321). Conclusively, these issues are detrimental to the Everglade’s ecosystem and signify the importance of protecting the region from further environmental degradation by initiating eco-friendly strategies and policies.

Works Cited

Duxbury, Jane, and Sarah Dickinson. “Principles for Sustainable Governance of the Coastal Zone: In the Context of Coastal Disasters.” Ecological Economics, vol. 63, no. 2-3, 2007, pp. 319–330., doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.01.016.

“Environmental Factors.” National Parks Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 28 July 2015, www.nps.gov/ever/learn/nature/environmentalfactors.htm.

Rinkesh. “Causes and Effects of Environmental Degradation.” Conserve Energy Future, 25 Dec. 2016, www.conserve-energy-future.com/causes-and-effects-of-environmental-degradation.php.

“Threats to the Ecosystem.” Threats to the Ecosystem – Everglades Foundation, www.evergladesfoundation.org/the-everglades/threats-to-the-ecosystem/.

 
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Research Paper assistance

 
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HLTH 505

Research Paper Instructions

The goal of this project is to evaluate a current environmental health issue, discuss the control and/or mitigation measures currently employed, and recommend methods to improve public health policy or practice for that issue. This required research paper project is a 15-page (approximately 4,500 words) document that must be double-spaced. Each student must choose a different topic. Therefore, before you submit your topic, look over your classmates’ subrmissions to be sure it has not been selected. It is first-come, first-served on topic selection.

Your paper must be well documented using current AMA format. You are required to use at least 10 professional, peer-reviewed, scholarly sourcesin the reference page of your paper. Avoid using newspapers, lay magazines, and fact sheets. Articles from non-professional sources will not earn credit. A Medline search is a great way to locate acceptable information. The American Journal of Public Health, New England Journal of Medicine, The American Journal of Preventive Medicine, and similar publications are excellent sources. Start early to allow adequate time to find appropriate materials. You must support your opinions with data from the scientific literature. Plagiarism will not be tolerated and will result in automatic failure of the course.

The paper must include the following:

1. Title page with title of paper, your name/ID, date, and course/section (HLTH 505.xx). This page does not count toward the 15-page length requirement.

2. Abstract – Provide a short summary of the content of the paper (less than 100 words).

3. Introduction – Describe the nature and scope of problem/issue.

4. Background – Include a review of past policies and practices, both successful and unsuccessful.

5. Current research efforts – Discuss what potential future develoments are being researched. Remember that the project is to be about a current issue using recent research. If nothing has been published in recent years, it may not be as relevant as it may appear on the surface.

6. Discussions – This is the heart of the paper. Thoroughly evaluate the material you have researched. Discuss the pros and cons of various approaches. Analyze the available statistical measures provided by the researchers. Reveal the shortcomings and highlight the merits of the literature.

7. Recommendations – This is where your opinions are given. Opinions must be guided by logic and an understanding of the science gained from your research, be void of emotional language, and be in agreement with biblical truth. A scientifically valid opinion must not violate Scripture or biblical morality.

8. References – Full bibliography of sources used. This page does not count toward the 15-page length requirement.

The reference page must have a numbered list of sources according to the order of the first citation in the paper. That assigned number is then used as a superscript to cite the source in the body of the paper. The general format to list a journal and a book respectively in a references section would be as follows:

1. Arya SC, Agarwal N. Yellow Fever Vaccination Centers: Concurrent Vaccinations and Updates on Mosquito Biology. Travel Medicine and Infectious Diseases. 2012; 10: 257-258.

2. Dasgupta A. Prescription or poison: the benefits and dangers of herbal remedies. Alameda, CA: Hunter House Inc; 2010.

Your paper will consist of 3 parts: the topic submission, a working bibliography of at least 10 sources, and the final paper.

Submit your topic by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 2.

Submit your working bibliography by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 4.

Submit your final paper by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Friday of Module/Week 8 via Safe Assign.

Page 2 of 2

T. Wilkerson HLTH 505

Wk 4 Assignment

REFERENCES

1. Mukherjee, P.K., Bahadur, S., Harwansh, R.K. et al. Paradigm shift in natural product research: traditional medicine inspired approaches. Phytochem Rev (2017) 16: 803. https://doi-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/10.1007/s11101-016-9489-6. Accessed on 18 Nov 2018.

2. Ben-Arye, E., Mahajna, J., Aly, R. et al. Exploring an herbal “wonder cure” for cancer: a multidisciplinary approach. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol (2016) 142: 1499. https://doi-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/10.1007/s00432-016-2175-7

3. Firkins, R., Eisfeld, H., Keinki, C. et al. The use of complementary and alternative medicine by patients in routine care and the risk of interactions. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol (2018) 144: 551.

4. Malone M, Tsai, G. The evidence for herbal and botanical remedies, Part 1. J Family Practice. (2018); 67(1)10-16.

5. Ceuterick, M Vandebroek, I. Identity in medicine cabinet: Discursive positions of Andean migrants towards their use of herbal remedies in the United Kingdom. J Social Science & Medicine. (2017); 43-51.

6. Alraek, T., Boon, H., Fonnebo, V. et al. Reducing the risk of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM): Challenges and priorities. European Journal of Integrative Medicine 6 (2014); 404-408.

7. Riberio, RJ, Silestre, C. Hidden Risks of Alternative Medicines: A Case of Boldo-Induced Hepatotoxicity. J of Dietary Supplements. (2017); 14(2):186-189.

8. Eddouks, M., Onakpoya, IJ., Posadzki, P., & Zhang, J. The Safety of Herbal Medicine: From Prejudice to Evidence. Evidence-Based Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (2015) p1-3. Retrieved from http:dx.doi.org/10.1155.2015/316706. Accessed on 18 Nov 2018 .

9. Grollman, AP, Marcus, DM. Global hazards of herbal remedies: lessons from Aristolochia. Science & Society. (2016). Access on 18 Nov 2018.

10. Bonkovsky, HL., Navarro, VJ., et. al. Herbal Products and the Liver: A Review of Adverse Effects and Mechanisms. Gastroenterology (2015); 148(3)517-532.

11. Ekar, T, Kreft, S. Common risks of adulterated and mislabeled herbal preparations. ScienceDirect. Food and Chemical Toxicology (2018); 268-297.

 
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Climate Change Scientific Essay

 
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I need a scientific essay on Climate change

4 pages (1000 words)

MLA Format

Instructions attached

ESSAY Guidelines

I. GOAL

Find new information on your topic of choice. Write a clear, focused, well-organized essay that indicates you thoroughly understand your source material, and topic.

II. ESSAY TOPIC

1. Climate Change

III. WRITING INSTRUCTIONS

Aim for the essay to be ~1000 words long. Slightly longer or shorter essays are OK, but you will lose points if you are off by more than ±25%. Your list of references does not count against the 1000 words. Write your essay in a technical, formal style. Do not use colloquial terms. Use a passive form of 3rd-person voice (i.e. do not use the words “I”, “we”, “you”). Write for another student. Make sure that you introduce/define all the terms/concepts before you actually discuss their effects. For example, you need to describe what greenhouse gasses, albedo, and the global carbon cycle are before you can clearly discuss how the different factors affect global climate change.

What is Scientific Writing?

Scientific writing is a specific type of writing. Scientific writing benefits from structure and planning. Writing is a craft; to do it well takes practice. Some of the tenants of scientific writing you will need to hone include:

· Create an outline before you start writing; outlines encourage organization and conceptual continuity.

· Write clearly and concisely. Use words explicit with your intended meaning.

· Avoid references to self (i.e. don’t use the words I, our, my,…etc.).

· Do not exaggerate or embellish.

· Avoid vague adjectives. For example, when explaining an object’s mass it is unscientific to say it is huge or gigantic. Instead say how massive the object is (i.e. 200,000 metric tons).

· Follow the common format of introduction, body and conclusion.

· Introductions give the reader an overview of the topics to be covered in the body

· The body should develop, enhance and fulfill the concepts which the introduction presented

· Conclusions take information presented in the body and do one of two things with it. If possible, form a comprehensive statement about the inherent relationships of the information in the body. If not, explain the lack of comprehensive meaning within the body.

· The first sentence in every paragraph of your paper should include the thesis for the paragraph. All sentences within the following paragraph should help to support your thesis.

· Sources are to be cited and a bibliography is required. Use the structure reccomended by the American Meterological Society (AMS)

IV. REFERENCES

You must read and cite at least 2 scientific papers in your essay. Scientific papers are peer reviewed and contain a bibliography (list of references at end). You may use textbooks for your scientific references, but NOT the textbook for this class.

Examples of scientific journals are:

· Nature

· Science

· Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences

· Eos

· Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

· Journal of Climate

· Climatic Change

· Geophysical Research Letters

· Scientific American

Include an alphabetical list of references at the end of your essay, structured as recommended by the American Meteorological Society (see also http://ametsoc.org/PUBS/Authorsguide/pdf_vs/briefauthguide.pdf).

· Books: Reference must consist of last name and initials of author(s), year of publication of book, title of book (italicized or underlined), publisher’s name, and total pages.

For example: Wallace, J. M., and P. V. Hobbs, 1977: Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey. Academic Press, 350 pp

· Journal articles: Reference must consist of last name and initials of author(s), year of publication of journal, title of paper, title of journal (italicized or underlined), volume of journal, number of issue (only if required for identification), and first and last page numbers of the paper.

For example: Archer, C. L., and M. Z. Jacobson, 2007: Supplying baseload power and reducing transmissions requirements interconnecting wind farms. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 46, 1701-1717.

You must acknowledge and identify the work done by others in your written text by citing the appropriate paper/book.

Example: As mentioned in Wallace and Hobbs (1977), the weather data in the US …

Quoted material should always be quoted exactly word for word and enclosed in quotation marks, followed by the citation.

Example “Wind is the world’s fastest growing electric energy source” (Archer and Jacobson 2007).

No more than 5% of the text can be direct quotes.

V. RUBRIC

I will use the following rubric to grade your essay.

 
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Ecosystem

 
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What do we know about our own history?  How has our species been impacted by environmental change and variability?

Review YOU TUBE videos about the migration of Homo sapiens and Homo neanderthalis

Journey Of Man; A Genetic Odyssey!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=di5yqNj1D_s

A Neanderthal Perspective on Human Origins with Svante Pääbo – 2018

  a) You will be reading, listening and viewing YouTube videos of different issues and topics. There will be a number of questions assigned to voice your opinion about an issue. Each essay is at least 750 words with references (footnotes or citations through ENDNOTE). A PERSUASIVE ESSAY presents an argument or an opinion in an attempt to convince the reader to accept the writer’s point of view. Reading and reacting to the opinions of others helps shape readers’ beliefs about important issues, events, people, places, and things. b) YOU NEED to download ENDNOTE and use ENDNOTE to build your bibliography and collect references on your topic. This is a persuasive essay, and your arguments need to be supported with facts from primary sources. c) ESSAYS NEED TO BE WRITTEN FROM AN OUTLINE. See a format for your outline below. The Introduction should be one paragraph, highlighting the topic, main issues, and your central arguments. The next 3 to 4 paragraphs should outline your main points. The last paragraph should summarize your arguments or point of view on the issue. ONCE YOU HAVE WRITTEN YOUR ESSAY, CREATE AN INTERESTING TITLE THAT ATTRACTS YOUR READER. A persuasive essay should contain 2 to 3 main arguments for your opinion. Each argument should be supported by factual information (with references). The essay should be 5 to 7 paragraphs in length.  

 
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