Identify three different levels of management within the organization with line authority and differentiate generally between their primary roles.

 
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Assignment 3: Understanding the Hierarchy of Managerial Levels and Division of Labor

Industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology professionals (both internal and external) typically act in an advisory role and use their professional expertise to solve organizational problems, supervised and guided by client management. The nature of the work varies widely and is primarily based on two factors, organizational level and the department where the project is being conducted. The work could be strategic or tactical, based on the level of the organization. How to apply the advice depends on the functional area.

It is important for industrial/organizational (I/O) psychologists to understand how organizations are departmentalized and the type of work conducted at various levels within the organization.

For this assignment, you will complete the following:

  • List the typical departments that might be found in a midsize to large manufacturing organization. Briefly, describe what type of work each department does. Be sure to include all of the support functions it takes to run such a business.
  • For each department, classify if its management would be considered to have line or staff authority.
  • Identify three different levels of management within the organization with line authority and differentiate generally between their primary roles.

Your final product should be a 3- to 5-page Microsoft Word document, using a minimum of three scholarly sources. Be sure you write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Use APA format.

 
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explore strategies for successful online learning

 
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Discussion: Online Learning Strategies

Completing courses in the absence of a physical classroom and frequent face-to-face contact can be challenging, even for those who are comfortable with technology and the online environment. You need to be able to plan and manage your time well, particularly since there is no structured “class time”; communicate clearly and effectively where there is no visual or nonverbal feedback; and use technology effectively.

This Discussion provides you with an opportunity to think about your skills in the above areas, to explore strategies for successful online learning, and exchange strategies with your colleagues.

To prepare:

Review this Week’s assigned readings from the Walden e-Guide and the document, “Technical Tips for Learning at Walden,” in the Learning Resources.

Review this week’s media program, “Tips for Effective Online Composition and Communication.”

Think about some strategies you have used, or read about, that may be beneficial for effective planning, time management, communication, and technology use.

Consider how the strategies you have identified can contribute to being a successful online learner.

Post a description of at least one strategy for each of the following areas related to online success: planning, time management, communication, and technology use.

Explain how/why you think use of each strategy will contribute to your success as an online learner.

Support your Discussion assignment with specific resources used in its preparation using APA formatting. You are asked to provide a reference for all resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.

IMPORTANT: FOLLOW EVERY INSTRUCTION. CHECK EVERY DOCUMENT ATTACHED BELLOW, AND THE MEDIA PRESENTATIO VIDEO TO COMPLETE THE ASSIGNMENT.

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How effective is CT Colonography in detecting colon cancer?

 
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Basem AL Al Zahrany

How effective is CT Colonography in detecting colon cancer?

Introduction

The second cause leading to death in the United States is colorectal cancer in the same way colorectal cancer is the third common cancer in women and men. In the United States 135,260 people diagnosed with colorectal cancer in 2011. Colorectal cancer caused for 51,783 people from them the death. The number of colorectal cancer patients is predictable to rise in the future. Built on the present data, cost scenario and survival for colorectal cancer Yabroff et al expected the cost effect in 2020 for the primary $4.05 billion, making a significant cost load on the healthcare system. Colorectal cancer mortality was decreased by 18% to13 % with apply CT Colonography to detect colonic polyps before they developed to colorectal cancer (Trilisky et al, 2015). CT Colonography has been shown to have polyp discovery rates similar to the patient how use colonoscopy. CT Colonography is an exam for colorectal cancer screening which became generally effected for detecting polyps similar to those of colonoscopy. It has the prospective to improve colorectal cancer screening rates because of colorectal is come to be insignificant noninvasive ,faster patient in quantity ,no sedation requirement and potential for reduced cathartic examination . Appropriate program of a CT Colonography screening must implement and needs important announce to several aspects, counting proper patient preparation before the investigation, image acquisition, and post-processing of the developed images. A CT Colonography need workstation with special software and high quality monitors. Special software called Computer-Aided Detection CAD which is manipulate to reduce mistakes of spotting and showing polyps to the radiologist for images interpretation. These essay will discuss technique, advantages , disadvantages of CT Colonography and how CT Colonography can be affect for colorectal cancer .

Exam technique

Currently, patients go through intestine preparation procedure which has the purpose of avoid misdiagnosed of polyps by cleaning the colon. So far there is no agreement on a best program of food adjustment and releasing preparation of flexible period and amount. There is continuing studies aimed to rise patient relaxation and acceptance. To distinguish polyps from other residual the use usually fecal and fluid tagging with bowel laxative. Some time they do it with small quantity of both iodine-based contrast material and barium or one of them to improve the image and to eliminate the artifact of image which could be accrue ,which may rise the sensitivity of polyp detection, Digital subtraction is a post-acquisition processing technique use to improve the image quality(Trilisky,2015).

Advantages of CT Colonography

CT Colonography shows high sensitivity and specificity of detecting cancer lesions than colonoscopy. According to Perry Pickhardt(2015) the sensitivity of CT Colonography to detect lesion showed after a meta-analysis and systematic revision an overall 96% and it is coming higher if oral contrast is applied. This ratio give CT Colonography opportunity to use it for preventive and screening more than colonoscopy. In addition, colonoscopy y is invasive exam which might harmful the patients. However, this high percentage of detecting legion is my decay with lesions less than 6mm. Andrik, Aschoff (2007),fond after reviewing many studies don from 2000 until 2005 the specificity and sensitivity of catching of colon cancer is high with 10mm or more in size of polyps .He estimate that CT Colonography could increase sensitivity in this coming years and this is what happened now it is increase up to 6 mm for detection of polyps.

Bleeding, colonic perforation, cardiovascular events and even death are complication with low percent of colonoscopy exams while almost zero percent in CT Colonography when automated low – pressure CO2 is used. Igor Trilisky, is radiologist in University of Chicago Medical Center, recommended to establish CT Colonography screening program for colon cancer on condition of implementing a quality assurance in the center. Proper patient preparation and image acquisition help the radiologist to read the image correctly. High quality training of radiologist and technologist is potential to good image interpretation. In particular, time of CTC exam is short in procedure but it take time to processing the image and read it mort ah Colonoscopy. In addition, using updated CAD help to improve sensitivity in image interpretation CT Colonography exams and decrease the specificity.

All of the aforementioned reasons to prefer CT Colonography form most patients especially how had colonoscopy before or both and if we look to Self-appreciation we found it is one of the most reason push the patents to choose CT Colonography as first option. Based on Pickhardt(2015) multicenter surveying 1400 adult how had CTC before founded high satisfaction percentage almost higher than 90% and same percent preferred to choose CT Colonography again for second screening. Researcher found highly ratio of chosen CT Colonography than colonoscopy for patent how had CT Colonography and colonoscopy before with nearly 6:1 ratio. Pickhardt(2015) found same thing happened with Moawad et al. They found that 95% of patients how had both experience of exams preferred CT Colonography screening.

Disadvantages of CT Colonography

Radiation exposure is the most concern issue in CT exams in general because there is no threshold of ionization radiation. In the same time too high exposure have same value of very low exposure dose for radiologist it means no data can be collected from image. J. Stoker, H. W. Venema, and R. E. van Gelder fond in tow studies ,don in 2004, low dose technique 120Kv and 10mAs (in supine position only )with series patient preparation held on 137 patient sensitivity and specify 70% and 80.8% respectively for polyps more than 4 mm. The other study were done in same year for 203 patients with 140Kv and 10mAs ( tow position) result in 95% in sensitivity and 92.2% in specify for polyps more than 7mm and 100% for both for polyps more than9mm. The average effective doses in first study was 0.7ms for men and 1.2 ms for women and 1.8 ms for men and average effective dose 2.4ms for women in second study (Tack, Gevenois,2007). Nowadays, we have inflation of the technology of post processing data which will may increase the sensitivity and specificity of detecting polyps and as the technology progressed as the ability of diagnose the polyps in early stage. So radiation can cause cancer itself which incumbent us to adequate using of exam.

CTC has the ability to detected most of polyps which might be developed to colorectal cancer. On the other hand, it may missed detection happened with small polyps less than 5mm. Generally 90 % of polyps are detected by CTC. 3.36. Based on Pickhardt(2015) experience, radiologist in University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 50% from small polyps are stable, 30 % regress and 20% remaining developed under observation. Instead of this, CT Colonography is extra colonic exam as well, it can evaluate the entire organ (abdomen and pelvis) also it has opportunity to evaluate osteoporosis without need to extra radiation dose. In fact, CT Colonography has high chance to be the first screening exam for colorectal cancer.

Experience of CTC observers

CT Colonography is observer dependent make image reading defer from center to other. A cumulative experience of reading CT Colonography is helpful to increase sensitivity and specificity as the English Bowel Cancer Screening Program find high positive rate in centers with experience of interpretation of 1000 case or more and centers which have at least 175 study for radiologist yearly. This outcome of Dutch study held on six radiologist and three CT technologist. They had training program of CT Colonography image interpretation. It shows significant increasing of average sensitivity of detecting polyps 6mm or more for 50 case from 76% in first set to 91% in fourth set. They recommend 164 case for training for each radiologist to increase his ability of interpretation (Haan, 2014).

In conclusion, CT Colonography has prospect to be good option of colorectal cancer screening considering a proper patent preparation, high quality training for both radiologist and CT technologist, highly cooperation from patients and updated CAD soft were. CT scan device has an inflation of soft were and hard were in this recent year make the sensitivity of detecting polyps increase rabidly with almost zero percent of complication. In terms of this advantages medical practitioners have to trust the exam and generalize it to help patients to survive from colorectal disease.

Index:

· CAD : Computer-Aided Detection special software called CAD which is manipulate to reduce mistakes of spotting and showing polyps to the radiologist for images interpretation.

· CRC : colorectal colon cancer colorectal adenoma is a benign glandular tumor of the colon and the rectum.

· CT computer-processed combinations of many X-ray images taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional images.

· Contrast media: is a substance used to enhance the contrast of structures or fluids within the body in medical imaging.

· CTC : computer tomography for colon.

· Ionization radiation: is radiation that carries enough energy to free electrons from atoms or molecules.

· Kv: The strong of power penetration

· ms : The amount of electromagnetic radiation.

· Polyps : small clump of cells that forms on the lining of the colon. Most colon polyps are harmless. But over time, some colon polyps can develop into colon cancer, which is often fatal when found in its later stages.

Bibliography:

· Aschoff, A.J., Ernst, A.S., Brambs, H. & Juchems, M.S. 2008, “CT colonography: an update”, European Radiology,vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 429-437. Available from: http://www.gcu.ac.uk/library/

· De Haan, M.C., Pickhardt, P.J. & Stoker, J. 2015, “CT colonography: accuracy, acceptance, safety and position in organised population screening”, Gut, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 342-350. Available from: http://www.gcu.ac.uk/library/

· Pickhardt, P.J. 2015, “CT colonography for population screening: ready for prime time?”, Digestive diseases and sciences, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 647-659. Available from:http://www.gcu.ac.uk/library/

· Tack, D., Gevenois, P.A., Abada, H.T. & Springer EBook Complete Collection. Owned. 2005-2014 2007, Radiation dose from adult and pediatric multidetector computed tomography, Springer, New York;Berlin;. Available from: http://www.gcu.ac.uk/library/

· Trilisky, I., Ward, E. & Dachman, A.H. 2015, “Errors in CT colonography”, Abdominal Imaging, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 2099-2111. Available from: http://www.gcu.ac.uk/library/

· Venema, H.W., Laméris, J.S., Jensch, S., Stoker, J., Bossuyt, P.M.M., Reitsma, J.B. & Gelder, v., R.E 2006, “Effective radiation doses in CT colonography: results of an inventory among research institutions”, European Radiology, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 981-987. Available from: http://www.gcu.ac.uk/library/

Appendix:

1- Introduction page 1

2- Exam technique page 2

3- Advantages of CT Colonography page2

4- Disadvantages of CT Colonography page4

5- Experience of CTC observers page5

6- Conclusion page5

How effective is CT Colonography in detecting colon cancer?

Name : Basem AL Zahrany

Class: Claudia team

Date : 15/02/2016

Word count : 1385 words

 
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What three errors do managers commit when providing ineffective feedback?

 
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Organizations work to improve overall written and verbal communication to encourage a win-win situation for improved patient or customer care, increased team motivation, and supportive management. Effective communication encourages active listening among people and improved understanding of a situation embracing both similarities and differences in each employee. Let’s read the following scenario to emphasize the importance of effective communication in a workplace.

You are the keynote speaker to improve overall communication effectiveness in your organization. Your presentation consists of 12–15 Microsoft PowerPoint slides (not including the title and reference slide) along with speaker notes. You are addressing an audience comprising all department heads and management staff.

Your overall focus is on common communication problems, various methods of learning, issues with feedback, and improving overall attitude through communication.

Address the following areas including detailed speaker notes. The speaker notes area is the white space below the slide where you can type information similar to a Microsoft Word document. Your Microsoft PowerPoint presentation consists of professional color slides, with detailed speaker notes to include examples to support each slide.

  • Describe four forms of communication used in the work environment. Discuss the benefits and concerns with each communication method. For example, body language, written, oral, and e-mail.
  • Describe four methods of learning and listening. How does a person learn (auditory, visual, etc.) if he or she has a preferred method? How can the person adjust to learning in ways not in his or her preferred method?
  • What environmental and personal barriers hinder communication? Be specific and provide at least three examples.
  • What impact can diversity in the work environment have on effective and ineffective communication according to age, gender, cultural, or religious diversity?
  • What three errors do managers commit when providing ineffective feedback?
  • Describe three issues managers and team members face if they are not prepared to provide instant communication? What negative result can occur if one is not prepared?
  • Describe four methods to overcome communication barriers and provide detailed examples.
  • Provide three key elements with specific examples on how effective communication can reduce errors, improve professional relationships, and assist staff with clear communication.

Note: Ensure slides are professional in appearance, color contrast, and font. Provide references in APA format. Use correct spelling and grammar. Speaker notes below the slides should contain substance.

Support your responses with examples.

Cite any sources in APA format.

 
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What is the primary purpose of health care regulations and regulatory agencies? 

 
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Create a 7- to 10-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation answering the following question: What is the primary purpose of health care regulations and regulatory agencies?

 

Include the following in your presentation:

  • Identify one agency overseeing health care delivery, or choose one regulation affecting health care.
  • Explain whether the regulation or the agency is at the local, state, or federal level.
  • Provide an example of a health care delivery structure that must comply with this regulation or regulatory agency.
  • Describe the effects this regulation or agency has had on health care.
  • Appropriate graphics
  • Speaker notes using complete sentences and correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling
  • Introduction, conclusion, and reference slides
  • Appropriately cited references

Format any citations inyour presentation consistent with guidelines as set forth by your course facilitator.

 

Use terms from your Weekly Vocabulary Exercises. Emphasize at least 10 terms by bolding or highlighting them in your presentation.

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explain how the dilemma could be resolved while adhering to the group’s codes of ethics.

 
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Codes of Ethics

In the healthcare field, different groups of healthcare professionals adhere to their own codes of ethics. All healthcare professionals are duty-bound to follow a strict code of ethics. This has been true since the fourth or fifth century, when the Hippocratic Oath was penned. While the code has changed with the times, the code of ethics still dictates a commitment both to patients and to other healthcare professionals.

Using the South University Online Library or the Internet, create a paper and respond to the following questions in a 2- to 3-page Microsoft Word document:

  • Research two different codes of ethics for any two groups of healthcare professionals. You can research groups, such as nurses, physicians, and allied health professionals.
  • Compare and contrast the codes of ethics. What are the major similarities between the two codes and what are the major differences?
  • Consider the issue of how to triage patients in times when hospitals are overwhelmed as a result of a disaster situation. Use the codes of ethics from each of your two selected groups to explain how the dilemma could be resolved while adhering to the group’s codes of ethics.

Support your responses with examples.

Cite any sources in APA format.

 
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Explain how the political influence in the U.S. healthcare system impacts how this sector provides healthcare to specific communities.

 
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Hello, I am looking for someone to write my Portfolio Project paper that is due next Saturday. The paper is for my class in HCM310: Introduction to the U.S. Healthcare System. See below for paper direction:

 

Assignment Option 1: The U.S. Healthcare System: Analysis of a Healthcare Sector

 

Your portfolio assignment focuses on a specific sector of healthcare and its relation to the current U.S. healthcare system. Choose one of the healthcare sectors listed below for your portfolio assignment:

 

•    Hospitals

•    Long-term Care

•    Mental and Behavioral Health

•    Ambulatory Care

•    For-Profit/Public Health Care.

 

Write a ten to twelve page paper where you address the following:

 

·       Describe of the sector’s historical development and current role in healthcare delivery.

 

·       Explain how the political influence in the U.S. healthcare system impacts how this sector provides healthcare to specific communities.

 

 

·       Evaluate how quality, safety, and competition within this healthcare sector impact patient care.

 

·       Examine what major challenges exist for this sector for the system over the next decade from healthcare reform and other factors. Discuss a minimum of three challenges and offer your recommendations on how healthcare leaders and administrators can manage them.

 

 

·       Provide a conclusion summary of your findings and of the project experience.

 

Your paper should meet the following requirements:

 

 

·       Be ten to twelve pages in length, not including the cover or reference pages

 

·       Be formatted according to the CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA Requirements

 

 

·       Provide support for your statements with in-text citations from a minimum of eight scholarly references – four of these references must be from outside sources and four may be from course readings, lectures, and textbooks. The CSU-Global Library is a good place to find these references.

 

Utilize the following headings to organize the content in your work.

 

•    Introduction

•    Historical Development and Current Role in Healthcare Delivery

•    Political Influence

•    Quality, Safety, and Competition

•    Future Challenges and Issues

•    Recommendations

•    Conclusion

 

 

 

 

 
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Compare advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) practice regulations in Washington, DC to South Carolina’s APRN regulations

 
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Compare advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) practice regulations in Washington, DC to South Carolina’s APRN regulations. Is there a supervising physician required in each? What about protocols in each? What about prescriptions for controlled substances in each? Is there a requirement for continuing education hours in each? How do see this state’s regulations affecting APRNs? Please address these issues as well as any other differences in your research. What is a current issue in APRN practice?

At least 2 references are required, 1 of which must be a peer reviewed journal article. References must be less than 5 years old.

Below are readings required for class that helps with answering some of the questions. My book is Advanced Practice nursing: Essential for role Development (3rd ed.) Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis. (ISBN-13:978-0803627857). (Chapter 6-7 & 27)

Practice Issues: Regulation of APRNs

Prescriptive Authority

Reimbursement

Certification

Malpractice

Joel Chapters 6-7, 27

Review SC Nurse Practice Act relating to APRNs:

http://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/t40c033.php

Review SC regulations affecting nurse educators- See Chapter 91:

http://www.scstatehouse.gov/coderegs/statmast.php

 
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discuss research-based interventions to treat psychopathology.

 
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Please do not recycle another assingment, it has to be done freshly

You have to discuss One of the disorders from the list below

Use the reference below or another one if you cannot find it

Have an introduction and a conclusion, the body should have subtopics

 

Select one of the mood disorders–major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, double depression, cyclothymic disorder, or bipolar disorder–from the Film List.

Use the Research Analysis and Assignment Tips to complete this assignment.

Prepare a 1,200- to 1,400-word paper that discusses research-based interventions to treat psychopathology.

Review and differentiate the characteristics of the selected disorder and discuss the research about intervention strategies for the disorder by completing the following:

Evaluate three peer-reviewed research studies using the Research Analysis.

Conceptualize the disorder using one of the following major psychological perspectives: Psychodynamic, Behavioral, or Cognitive-Behavioral.

Discuss the treatments or interventions that have been shown to be the most effective for your selected disorder. Why?

Cite at least five peer-reviewed sources.

 

Butcher, J. N., Hooley, J. M., & Mineka, S. (2013). Abnormal psychology. Boston, MA: Pearson

 

 
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Would you support the idea that patient satisfaction ratings should be tied to reimbursement payments?

 
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Questions 1:

Read the following scenario and respond to it as a risk manager.

Mr. And Mrs. Watros came to the Memorial Hospital for the delivery of their first child. While Mrs. Watros was in labor, the couple had to wait for nearly two hours to get a room. During that time, no hospital nurse attended to her. As the waiting room was full of patients, an exhausted Mrs. Watros sat on the floor. Mr. Watros reported this to a nurse. The nurse responded that it was past her shift, and she could do nothing.

 

These problems were later reported to a physician. The physician said, “It is just the way things go wrong here sometimes. You just have to get used to it.”

 

After delivery, the nurse carrying the infant slipped. The baby was unharmed. The explanation given was, “there was disinfectant fluid on the floor, which makes the floor a little slippery.”

 

On discharge, Mr. and Mrs. Watros decided to sue the hospital. The physician admitted negligence and poor treatment, but did not see a reason to apologize.

Put yourself in the position of all the people involved (as well as the hospital), and describe what could have been done differently.

 

Questions 2:

 

Would you support the idea that patient satisfaction ratings should be tied to reimbursement payments? Is this idea appropriate? As a risk manager, how might you respond to a nurse who says, “That’s not fair because some patients will never be happy”? How will you go about explaining the importance of this metric to staff?

 
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