What are two ways in which the experiment could be modified to make the results more generalizable?

 
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Assignment 3: The Mozart Effect
In this assignment, you will read an article about the Mozart effect and identify various parts of the research process. This exercise will help you learn how to read a research article and to understand the research process.
Read the following article:
· Rauscher, F. H., Shaw, G. L., & Ky, K. N. (1993). Music and spatial task performance. Nature, 365. 6447: 611. (October 14, 1993). (ProQuest Document ID 76004658).
In your article summary, respond to the following questions:.
· State the research hypothesis in your own words. Identify the independent and dependent variables.
· What were some variables the researchers controlled in their study? Why was this necessary?
· What evidence do the researchers offer as a test of their hypothesis? Is this evidence empirical (observable)? Is it valid?
· What explanation do the researchers offer for their findings? Does the evidence justify this explanation?
Read the following article:
Jenkins, J.S. (2001). The Mozart effect. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 94, 170-172.
Based on your readings, respond to the following:
· Do you think there is any merit in the study (Rauscher, Shaw, & Ky, 1993)? Give three reasons for your position.
· Does the study take individual differences in spatial ability into account? Explain your answer.
· What are two ways in which the experiment could be modified to make the results more generalizable?
Write a 5–6-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M1_A3.doc.

 
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What are some of the societal and historical forces which might have created this situation or dilemma?

 
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Let’s start thinking about your Week 6 final paper – Cultural Perspectives. For that paper, you will choose one particular diversity-related issue to explore in depth. For this written assignment, think of possible diversity-related issues that could be used for your Final Paper.

Instructions:

First, identify three different types of diversity situations or cultural dilemmas based on different types of cultural and group associations. These diversity situations or dilemmas are your topics.
The following are guidelines for choosing your three separate diversity-related issues:

  • Select topics that are reflective of diversity issues as we have been discussing in this course.
  • The situations or dilemmas should demonstrate a cultural clash between at least two socio-cultural groups and have the potential for debate.

This video provides a tour of the University of the Rockies Library.

  • Select topics that are current and possibly in the news.
  • Select topics that can be researched to find out about them more in-depth.

Second, in addition to readings, media, website resources, and personal experiences, use ProQuest and EBSCOhost to find THREEappropriate scholarly articles to support your topics. Review the Library Tour video as well as the vidoes for searching EBSCOhost and Proquest to get started. At least one article should come from ProQuest, and one article should come from EBSCOhost.

  • Searching Techniques: EBSCOhost (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
  • Searching Techniques: Proquest (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Third, write a 660-1320 word paper (not including title page) that briefly discusses the following for each of your selected topics:

  • Describe the diversity situation or cultural dilemma and your interest in this topic.
  • Describe the cultural groups impacted by this topic.
  • What are some of the societal and historical forces which might have created this situation or dilemma?
  • Provide one argument from each perspective regarding the topic.

Remember to cite the articles you found using ProQuest and EBSCOhost (use this APA formatted template (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for assistance).
Point Value: 8 Points
Weekly Learning Outcome Alignment: 1, 2
Course Learning Outcome Alignment: 3, 4, 6

 
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Differentiate Adjustment Disorder from the residual Other Specified or Unspecified Disorders

 
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Unit 2 – Discussion 1 & 2? $30.00 Due (Monday) 7/16/2018.
Unit 2 Study 3
Forming a Differential Diagnosis
Counselors of children and adolescents typically receive informal information about their client before the first meeting. Someone has become concerned enough about the young person to suggest counseling. Counselors use this background information to develop questions for themselves that they try to answer in their first interview with a child. The answers lead the counselor through a process called differential diagnosis, whereby various plausible alternatives are ruled out to form an initial diagnosis. The initial diagnosis is the basis for the initial treatment plan. The initial diagnosis and treatment plan may be changed later as more facts come to light, but they are very important because they offer a counselor a place to start. Your task for this assignment is to develop a differential diagnosis.
Choose either the case of Luis, the child, or the case of Crystal, the teen. Decide upon your diagnosis by working through these six specific steps, as described in the DSM-5 Handbook of Differential Diagnosis, linked in Resources (see pages 1–16).
1. Rule out malingering and factitious disorder. (Are the symptoms genuine?)
2. Rule out substance etiology. (Are the symptoms a result of the consumption of drugs or alcohol?)
3. Rule out an etiological medical condition. (Is there a medical condition that explains the symptoms?)
4. Determine the specific primary disorder(s). (What appears to be the most accurate initial diagnosis?)
5. Differentiate Adjustment Disorder from the residual Other Specified or Unspecified Disorders. (Have the symptoms developed into a sufficiently maladaptive response meriting a primary disorder, or are they better described with one of these other diagnoses?)
6. Establish the boundary with “no mental disorder.” (Is a primary diagnosis merited due to “clinically significant” symptoms, or are the concerns better described as “Other Conditions that May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention“? Not all counseling involves treating a mental disorder.)
 
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hat are some of the chronic and acute physiological effects of alcohol use? 

 
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5-1. What are some of the chronic and acute physiological effects of alcohol use?
This discussion question meets the following NASAC Standards:
3) Describe the behavioral, psychological, physical health, and social effects of psychoactive drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, on the consumer and significant others.
14) Be familiar with medical and pharmaceutical resources in the treatment of addictive disease and other substance-related disorders.
26) Screen for alcohol and other drug toxicity, withdrawal symptoms, aggression or danger to others, and potential for self-inflicted harm or suicide.
103) Describe warning signs, symptoms, and the course of addictions.
5-2. According to the latest version of the DSM, what are the signs and symptoms of alcohol use disorder?
This discussion question meets the following NASAC Standards:
3) Describe the behavioral, psychological, physical health, and social effects of psychoactive drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, on the consumer and significant others.
9) Understand the established diagnostic criteria for substance dependence and abuse, and describe treatment modalities and placement criteria within the continuum of care.
14) Be familiar with medical and pharmaceutical resources in the treatment of addictive disease and other substance-related disorders.
103) Describe warning signs, symptoms, and the course of addictions.
6-1. Describe the medical and spiritual uses of hallucinogens both currently and in the past.
This discussion question meets the following CACREP Standard:
5.C.2.h. Classifications, indications, and contraindications of commonly prescribed psychopharmacological medications for appropriate medical referral and consultation.
This discussion question meets the following NASAC Standards:
3) Describe the behavioral, psychological, physical health, and social effects of psychoactive drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, on the consumer and significant others.
14) Be familiar with medical and pharmaceutical resources in the treatment of addictive disease and other substance-related disorders.
103) Describe warning signs, symptoms, and the course of addictions.
6-2. Consider the physiological effects of the so-called “designer” drugs. What are the dangers of these drugs?
This discussion question meets the following NASAC Standards:
3) Describe the behavioral, psychological, physical health, and social effects of psychoactive drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, on the consumer and significant others.
14) Be familiar with medical and pharmaceutical resources in the treatment of addictive disease and other substance-related disorders.
103) Describe warning signs, symptoms, and the course of addictions.
7-1. Describe the potential risks of the following:
A. Over-the-counter drugs
B. Dietary supplements
This discussion question meets the following NASAC Standards:
3) Describe the behavioral, psychological, physical health, and social effects of psychoactive drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, on the consumer and significant others.
4) Recognize the potential for substance use disorders to mimic a variety of medical and psychological disorders, and the potential for medical and psychological disorders to co-exist with addiction and substance abuse.
14) Be familiar with medical and pharmaceutical resources in the treatment of addictive disease and other substance-related disorders.
103) Describe warning signs, symptoms, and the course of addictions.
7-2. What are some of the reasons why people use performance-enhancing drugs? Do you think that people can become dependent on performance-enhancing drugs?
This discussion question meets the following NASAC Standards:
3) Describe the behavioral, psychological, physical health, and social effects of psychoactive drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, on the consumer and significant others.
14) Be familiar with medical and pharmaceutical resources in the treatment of addictive disease and other substance-related disorders.
26) Screen for alcohol and other drug toxicity, withdrawal symptoms, aggression or danger to others, and potential for self-inflicted harm or suicide.
103) Describe warning signs, symptoms, and the course of addictions.
8-1. How would you explain the challenges regarding which disorder came first, the mental illness or the addiction? Provide an example to support your explanation.
This discussion question meets the following CACREP Standards:
5.C.2.e. Potential for substance use disorders to mimic and/or co-occur with a variety of neurological, medical, and psychological disorders.
5.C.2.g. Impact of biological and neurological mechanisms on mental health.
This discussion question meets the following NASAC Standards:
3) Describe the behavioral, psychological, physical health, and social effects of psychoactive drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, on the consumer and significant others.
14) Be familiar with medical and pharmaceutical resources in the treatment of addictive disease and other substance-related disorders.
103) Describe warning signs, symptoms, and the course of addictions.
8-2. How would you incorporate psychopharmacological treatment when working with a client suffering from anxiety and addiction? What types of medication would you expect the client to be prescribed? What medications should not be prescribed?
This discussion question meets the following CACREP Standard: 5.C.2.h. Classifications, indications, and contraindications of commonly prescribed psychopharmacological medications for appropriate medical referral and consultation.
This discussion question meets the following NASAC Standards:
3) Describe the behavioral, psychological, physical health, and social effects of psychoactive drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, on the consumer and significant others.
4) Recognize the potential for substance use disorders to mimic a variety of medical and psychological disorders, and the potential for medical and psychological disorders to co-exist with addiction and substance abuse.
14) Be familiar with medical and pharmaceutical resources in the treatment of addictive disease and other substance-related disorders.
103) Describe warning signs, symptoms, and the course of addictions.
Each Question must be answered with 150-200 words with a cite in each one.
Example:
Question: how are you today
Answer: I am doing well “Sun is out bright” (2009)
Question: Where are you going today?
Answer: To the lake and “the sun was to bright” (2009)
Reference at the bottom on the pages
 
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Describe the basic differences between healthy and unhealthy personality

 
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Part One of the Integrative Personality Theory Paper
Prior to beginning work on this assignment, review sections 1.2, 1.3, and 1.4 of Chapter 1 in the text. In addition, read the e-book sections by Glanz (n.d.) and Saucier and Srivastava (2015).
The major assignment for this course is the development of your personal Integrative Personality Theory.  In this paper, you will select one concept from each of the seven models covered in this course to include in your theory.  Note that this is not meant to be an overview of each model, and the paper cannot focus on just one model.  Rather, you are to select a specific concept from a theory in each model, and you must include one concept from each of the seven models in your final paper.  Click here for examples of some of the main concepts from the Psychodynamic Model
In this week’s assignment, you will begin work on the final paper.  You will complete the specific secions of the paper that are indicated below.  This allows you to begin work on this major assignment and receive formative feedback from your instructor in order to improve final submission. Please use this template to build your Integrative Theory of Personality paper.  It is APA formatted already and will guide you through the needed sections.
Instructions for the week three required sections:
Introduction:  Provide a general introduction to the topic of theories of personality. Explain what you plan to cover and describe the direction your paper will take. Note: This section will not feature a heading.
Major Concepts  
In this section, you will present the seven specific concepts identified from the seven models you think best apply to the study of personality in distinct subheadings.  For each concept, identify the major personality model from which the concept was taken as well as the theorist associated with that model.  Each concept section should be approximately 3-4 paragraphs.  For week three, you need to complete two of the seven total required by week five.
Click here for an example of how to structure your discussion of each concept.

  • Psychodynamic Model Concept
  • Neurobiological Model Concept
  • Behavioral Model Concept
  • Cognitive Model Concept
  • Interpersonal/relational Model Concept
  • Trait Model Concept
  • Self-Psychology Model Concept

Excluded Concepts
In this section, present the concepts you have chosen to exclude in your theory of personality development.  Reflect on the basic assumptions that define personality and identify three specific excluded concepts from any of the theories studied in the course.  For each of the excluded concepts, provide a rationale explaining the various aspects of the concept that make it unsuitable for your use and compare and contrast it with the concepts you have chosen to include.  Each concept will be approximately 2-3 paragraphs.  In week three you need to flesh out the section for one of the three-all three are due in week five.
The Differences between Healthy and Unhealthy Personalities
Describe the basic differences between healthy and unhealthy personality, based on the concepts that you have chosen to include and exclude from your theory.  This section will be approximately two to four paragraphs.  Start the draft in week three to be finalized in week five.
The Roles of Heredity, the Environment, and Epigenetics
Provide your analysis of the roles heredity, the environment, and epigenetics play in the development of personality.  Discuss how heredity and the environment might affect personality disorders.  This section will be approximately three to five paragraphs.  Start the draft in week three to be finalized in week five.
Assessment and Measurement of the Theory
There is no requirement in week three for this-the section must be completed by week five.
Self-Reflection
In this section of the paper, review the self-reflection you wrote in Week One of this class and describe how and in what ways your views have or have not changed.  Analyze your Week One self-assessment using the concepts that you have included in your integrative theory and describe how your theory explains your personality.  This section will be approximately four to six paragraphs.  Start the draft in week three to be finalized in week five.
Conclusion:  There is no requirement in week three for this-the section must be completed by week five.
Research a minimum of four of the eight scholarly sources related to these concepts in the Ashford University Library to support your statements in the paper.  Popular websites and your textbook may augment, but they will not count toward the minimum number of sources needed for the paper.
The assignment:

  • Must be four to five double-spaced pages in length (not including title page and references page) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least four scholarly sources in addition to the course text.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

 
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Impact of biological and neurological mechanisms on mental health

 
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Details:
 
Paper   should be 1,500-2,000-words and reflect critical thinking and   analysis. Refer to the Academic Writing Guidelines Resource   located in the Course Materials section for assistance with this.
You must have a minimum of six references to support your research.   The references should be taken from the annotated bibliography   completed earlier in the course.
Your research paper should include information about the following:

  1. Brief history of the drug
  2. Psychopharmacology of the   drug
  3. Current trends or issues
  4. Societal concerns or     issues related to the drug
  5. Significance or relevance of     topic to the counseling profession
  6. Any future   implications

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA   Style Guide.  Must Pass Turnitin with less than 5%
This assignment meets the following CACREP Standards:
5.C.2.e. Potential for substance use disorders to mimic and/or co-occur with a variety of neurological, medical, and  psychological disorders.
5.C.2.g. Impact of biological and neurological mechanisms on mental health.
5.C.2.h. Classifications, indications, and contraindications of commonly prescribed psychopharmacological  medications for appropriate medical referral and consultation.
This assignment meets the following NASAC Standards:
3) Describe the behavioral, psychological, physical health, and social effects of psychoactive drugs, including alcohol and tobacco, on the consumer and significant others.
9) Understand the established diagnostic criteria for substance dependence and abuse, and describe treatment modalities and placement criteria within the continuum of care.
14) Be familiar with medical and pharmaceutical resources in the treatment of addictive disease and other substance-related disorders.
20) Understand the addiction professional’s obligation to adhere to generally accepted ethical and behavioral standards of conduct in the helping relationship.
103) Describe warning signs, symptoms, and the course of addictions.
107) Understand the health and behavioral problems related to the treatment of addiction, including transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS, TB, STDs, and other communicable diseases.
117) Interpret and apply information from current counseling and addictions research literature in order to improve client care and     enhance professional growth.

 
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Explain the particular issue or phenomenon from a psychological perspective and its impact on the practice of police psychology

 
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Police psychology is a wide, still-developing field. Pick a topic pertinent to the contemporary field of police psychology and, in a research paper, analyze its impact on the field from a psychological perspective.
Some possible topic ideas may include:

  • Psychological issues for K9 handlers
  • Family support and the role of a police psychologist
  • Biology and psychology of shift work for first responders
  • Responding to workplace violence calls
  • Eyewitness memory
  • Dealing with officer-involved shootings
  • Dealing with post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSDs) and first responders
  • Effectiveness of therapy for officers
  • Psychology of germ warfare—pre/during/and post incident
  • Latest research on psychological instruments to assess police officer suitability
  • Peer counselors

Tasks:
Create a 10- to 12-page paper in a Microsoft Word document by addressing the following:

  • Explain the particular issue or phenomenon from a psychological perspective and its impact on the practice of police psychology. As any issue has multiple perspectives, each of these perspectives should be researched, explained, and related.
  • Culminate the facts and various perspectives into your own well-thought-out conclusion that directly relates to your thesis presented in the abstract and introduction of the paper.

In order to ensure you address all the requirements of the paper, read the grading criteria carefully to address all the elements

 
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What is a stereotype?

 
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Assignment 2: Discussion—Typical Reasoning


People often take shortcuts in problem solving and quickly arrive at answers. Known as heuristics, these shortcuts may increase the speed of decisions but may also decrease the accuracy of those decisions. The experiment used in this assignment deals with inaccurate decisions based on the conjunction fallacy, where people think the chance of two events happening at the same time is greater than just one event occurring. However, the chance of one event occurring is greater than two events occurring; hence, the fallacy.

Access the CogLab demonstration Typical Reasoning. Follow the instructions to complete the demonstration. Next, answer the following questions:

· For this demonstration, on average, do participants give higher ratings for single events or conjunctions of events? Based on the demonstration results, did you make your judgments by using objective probabilities? Why or why not?

· What is a stereotype? How do stereotypes relate to the findings of this demonstration?

· Respond to the following two situations:

· You and two of your coworkers have just interviewed a candidate for a job opening at your law firm. Your boss asks you what inferences you made about the candidate during the interview. What can you do to maximize your likelihood of making a correct inference?

· John is a young, energetic, muscular, and outgoing individual. Estimate the following for him:

· He is tall and likes sports

· He is tall, likes sports, and has lots of friends

Write your initial response in 4–5 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

 
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Describe the exceptionality, including its identification and assessment

 
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Assignment 1: LASA 2—Exceptionality Presentation

In this course, you have learned about a range of exceptionalities in children. For this assignment, you will have the opportunity to gain a more in-depth understanding of a particular exceptionality.
The local public school has asked you to give a presentation to parents or teachers about a specific exceptionality of your choice.
The presentation should cover at least two peer-reviewed articles. Select an exceptionality for this assignment and provide the following information in your presentation:

  • Describe the exceptionality, including its identification and assessment.
  • Explain the incidence of exceptionality in children, including known causes or those hypothesized in peer-reviewed research.
  • Describe the cultural considerations in identification, assessment, and intervention.
  • Hypothesize the prognosis.
  • Recommend interventions for the following areas:
    • At school
    • In the community
    • At home
    • From early childhood through transition into adulthood

While developing the presentation, keep in mind individual differences and strengths, culturally and linguistically diverse populations, and ethical or legal issues in identification, assessment, and intervention. Be sure to include detailed speaker notes to accompany each slide to elaborate on the talking points being raised in the slide.
Use the accompanying PowerPoint presentation tip list to assist in formatting the presentation and speaker’s notes. Be sure to include a title slide and a slide with your references. All citations and the reference list should follow APA format. Click here to review some useful tips for an effective slideshow.
Develop a 15–20-slide presentation in PowerPoint (not counting the title and reference list slides). Provide detailed speaker notes for each slide of your presentation, which include the main talking points for the topic addressed in the slide. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M5_A1.ppt.

 
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What arguments can you make for focusing time and resources on children with disabilities, rather than on those considered gifted and talented?

 
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Assignment 2: Discussion—Reflection

In this course, you have learned about the range of exceptionalities in children from low-incidence disabilities to gifted and talented, and also twice-exceptional children.
Given the realities of budget cutbacks, financial challenges, and legal requirements of schools, the focus tends to be on evaluating and providing interventions for students on the disability end of the exceptionalities continuum, rather than on those considered gifted and talented.
Using the module readings, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, research gifted and talented students. Then, reflect on what you have learned throughout this course.
Based on your research, respond to the following:
Part I

  • What arguments can you make for focusing time and resources on children with disabilities, rather than on those considered gifted and talented?
  • What arguments can be made for focusing on those considered gifted and talented?
  • Given what you have learned about the continuum of exceptionalities, what recommendations would you make? Provide reasons to support your answer.

Remember to consider ethical and legal arguments.
Part II

  • Explain why the term exceptionalities includes a continuum from those with low-incidence disabilities to gifted and talented. What do all of these children have in common?
  • Describe something new that you learned, including how it might have changed your viewpoint on children with exceptionalities (such as, how research differs from what you thought was true or how an opinion or perspective was challenged).
  • Discuss something you learned in this course that you would like to continue learning more about. How might you apply this knowledge in your career goals?

Write your initial response in 300–500 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

 
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