:One example of a nursing theory is the environmental theory from Florence Nightingale. Even though her intention was not to actually develop a theory her rules for practice ended up becoming one thereby making her model both descriptive and practical (Butts & Rich 2018). Nightingale used 13 facets of nursing care that addressed patient needs although they are not all-inclusive. Florence also briefly touches on giving ones whole attention to a patient and to never rush them through an assessment as Im sure this will not only make the practitioner more likely to miss a crucial piece of the puzzle but will also hurt the trust of the practitioner-patient relationship. Always sit down when a sick person is talking business to you show no signs of hurry and give complete attention (Clatworthy 2010). A practitioner can use Nightingales basic patient rights to healthcare to provide holistic care. Alternately an example of a non-nursing theory is the way of deontology. According to our text it literally means the study of duty (Butts & Rich 2018). I chose this theory because it is all encompassing related to morals but can easily be shifted to use in a nursing setting. As a practitioner it is ones duty to provide the best care for a patient not only addressing their physical needs but all other needs as well emotional mental and spiritual. Immanuel Kants theory is useful in this situation because rational choice is within ones control whereas one has only tenuous control over personal emotions only reason and not emotion is sufficient to lead a person to moral actions (Butts & Rich 2018). Kants ethics sees the ground of morality in pure reason (Yudanin 2015). It is within reason to view a patient as multifaceted therefore the practitioner must fulfill their duty to provide again holistic care. When taking these two theories along with two practitioners who operate on either theory separately and joining them together the aforementioned practitioners can truly address every issue and also engage in preventative care to meaningfully treat a patient.References:Butts J. B. & Rich K. L. (2018). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice (3rd ed.). Burlington MA: Jones & Bartlett.Clatworthy D. (2010). Nightingale’s legacy. Nursing Management (Harrow) (5) 8.Yudanin M. (2015). Can Positive Duties be Derived from Kant’s Categorical Imperative?. Ethical Theory And Moral Practice (3) 595. doi:10.1007/s10677-014-9546-4
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